Theory on Social Determinants of Health

As a concept given much weight in traditional public health work and anthropology, the theories surrounding the social determinants of health focus on communal and economic circumstances that impact the differing health outcomes of populations (Marmot and Wilkinson 2005). It attempts to account for health disparities, inequalities, and disease by valuing the social as well as the biological. This theory will be evident when population and individual vulnerabilities are discussed in relation to risk exposure.


Critical Race Theory

            Critical race theory acknowledges the institutionalism of racism. It finds its place at the junction of race, law, and power. In critical race theory is the belief that power differentials are sustained from generation to generation with the assistance of an unbalanced legal system that favors perpetuating inequalities (Delgado and Stefancic 2012). In this project, critical race theory will be evident during discussions on the broader circumstances of racial discrimination that have a historical genesis and a systemic influence.

 

Marxist Theory of Racism and Racial Inequality

            For Marx, racial inequality is an intentional device to cause conflict between the workers to the benefit of the capitalist (Bohmer 2005). If white workers identify as “white” as opposed to “oppressed”, they would be less likely to be sympathetic to the plight of other “oppressed but non-white” workers. This furthers a fragmented working class that weakens the workers ability to shed off exploitation. The worker cannot overcome the capitalist if the workers are not united. Marxist theory can be found in the claims of the residents of Mitchell Heights. As they shared their experiences, it is evident that many feel their plight is a desired